Treatment of snoring

Recent scientific researches show that people are sleeping less and worse world-wide. Statistics show that people spend sleeping 1/3 of their life. Being tired and stressed makes it unable to keep problems away thus turning night time into torture instead of time for relax. And what if there is a snoring person beside you!!!

Some admit they are snoring but other stubbornly deny. Snoring breaks the sleep of other people with a great variety of sounds – from gentle snoring to sledge hammer noises. Snoring can reach 70-80 decibels compared to the 40 decibels of normal human speech.

snoring

Do you know that 30% of people snore while they sleep?

Little statistics

Between the age of 30-35 years 20% of men and 5% of women snore
Above 60 years old these proportions are changed to 60% of men and 30% of women.
Some 10% from the family couples say that snoring is a major problem in their life together.
The one that snores and the other that sleeps nearby lose 1-2 hours from their sleep, i.e. 7-14 hours weekly.

Statistics show that 38 000 people die each year from problems connected with snoring and interruption of the respiration during sleep. The illness itself is widely spread and is undoubtedly dangerous.

Why we snore and how snoring appears?

Snoring is not just an ordinary defect that provokes smiles but is a very serious health problem.
Entering the phase of the deep sleep the palate muscles, tongue and throat are relaxed thus narrowing the path of the inhaled air. The  narrower the path is the louder the snoring is.

Most often one of the reasons for snoring is the thickening and the decreased tonus of the soft palate. When the palate is relaxed during sleep and especially when it is longer than normal it resembles a ‘flapping flag’.

Often the low muscle tonus along with laying on back contributes to relaxation of the lower jaw and the root of the tongue towards the soft palate thus hanging down on the way of the inhaled air. When it is too much relaxed it starts to vibrate and the acoustic phenomena called ‘snoring’ appears.

The reasons for snoring in general are

Anatomic disorders that lead to narrowing of the respiratory tract

  • nasal septum deviation
  • congenital stenosis of the nasal track and/or gullet
  • nasal polyp
  • elongated and enlarged uvula
  • small and backward situated lower jaw
  • enlarged tonsils
  • overweight
  • excessively thick tongue

Functional factors and diseases that weaken the tonus of the gullet muscles

  • not enough sleep and tiredness
  • having alcohol, especially before going to bed
  • consumption of soporific
  • smoking
  • decreased function of the thyroid gland
  • menopause for women
  • aging
  • allergies that lead to hypertrophy of the mucosa

Along with the obvious discomfort and the appearance of snoring person’s complexes, the snoring is symptom for a more serious illness – Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). The series of interruption of the breathing for about 10 seconds and more is a main symptom of the illness as these moments can repeat up to ten times for an hour. This makes difficult the access of oxygen in the blood and sharply increases the content of carbon dioxide and it’s accumulation causes irritation of the breathing center, awakening, taking breath and falling asleep again.

The breathing pause causes partial awakening, increase of the tonus of the breathing muscles and opening of the tract combined with loud snoring that seriously disturbs the partner. Follows a new falling asleep, a new breathing pause, new partial awakening and so on – dozen of times for a night. In the morning the patient is sleepy, having headache, tired, because he/she hadn’t enough sleep. In this moment the soft tissues of the gullet are not just vibrating but totally collapse and stop the access of air. In most complicated cases a hundred of short-term breathing difficulties can appear as their total duration can be up to several hours.

The reasons that cause snoring thus cause chronic respiratory insufficiency. The serious forms of OSAS significantly increase the risk for arterial hypertonia, cardiac rhythm disorders, myocardial infarction, insult and although in some few cases sudden death during sleep. The patient often complains of uneasy sleep, faintness and weakness in the morning, feeling sleepy during the day and often falling asleep at work, in front of TV and even when driving, impotence and a number of other symptoms.

Treatment of snoring and sleep apneа

Snoring is not cause for jokes but a cause for a serious worry and consultation with a specialist. For a long time doctors are looking for a method to treat snoring.

Today, there are over 300 different methods for treatment of snoring and the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Methods can be separated in the following categories:

1.     Conservative methods

  • Decrease of the nose breathing difficulties
  • Reduction of weight
  • Avoid the excessive use of alcohol and soporific
  • Regulation of the position of the jaws and the tongue
  • Therapy for treatment of snoring with drugs – drops and solutions with a temporary effect of improvement
  • CPAP therapy – in cases of serious obstructive sleep apnea. An apparatus with nasal mask that provides for the constant pressure in the respiratory organs thus decreasing the snoring. However, sleeping with such equipment is not so easy.

2.     Surgical methods

  • Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty – this operation is really traumatic and leads to complications quite often. And the effectiveness in the serious cases of snoring is only up to 20-30%.
  • Tonsillectomy
  • Operations in the base of the tongue
  • Operations in the area of the nose and surgical corrections of the jaws

Unfortunately there is no 100% effective treatment of snoring. There is no universal ‘medicine’ that can entirely cope with the problem.
The modern medicine made a serious progress and today snoring can be effectively treated by modern radio frequency technology.

Radio-frequency thermo-therapy

The radio frequency thermo-therapy is the least invasive method used in surgery that allows treatment of a number of otorhinolaryngological disorders on an outpatient basis without any risk for the patient. This is an innovatory technology with exceptional results.

The surgery with radio-frequency of high-frequency (radio) wave is a method in use that causes heating of the tissue and following coagulation. Using a tiny electrode the tissue is precisely dotted in particular positions thus hardening and tightening the loosen tissues of the soft palate. The vibration of the soft palate is significantly decreased as a result and respectively eliminates the cause for snoring to a certain extent.

The success of this method is connected with correction of the soft tissues of the palate and the tissue becomes thicker and more elastic as a result of the treatment. The purpose is to eliminate vibrations of the palate during sleep and at the same time to keep its functions.

The use of radio-frequency technology provides absolute sterility and safety of the operation. The modern procedure is not only comfortable for the patient but guarantees 80% of improvement.
1 to 2 procedures at interval of 3-4 weeks are enough to solve the problem in most cases and in small percentage of the cases repetition of the procedure is necessary. A slight discomfort in the throat is possible a few days after the procedure as sore throat which soon passes.

Advantages of the radio-frequency thermo-therapy compared to the traditional methods of treatment:

  • treatment on an outpatient basis with local anaesthetics –  the patient is sitting in a comfortable chair which saves him/her the traumatic effect of the operating room and the general anaesthesia
  • lack of or minimum bleeding
  • treatment is not leading to complications
  • Hospitalisation is not necessary – thus the price of the medical treatment is decreased several times
  • the patient can immediately leave the  medical institutionafter the procedure and may get back to normal life
  • antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy is not requested after the operation
  • short time for the procedure to be done – some 10 minutes  without pain and with optimum results
  • the treatment does not decrease work ability

The modern radio-frequency technology has proved the effectiveness of the result – after the treatment course the patient has deep and refreshing sleep and he/she forgets about the snoring for a long period of time. Having an adequate sleep leads to decreased irritability, increased activity during the day and improved quality of life.

Don’t postpone your meeting with a specialist if you have problems with snoring.

With the help of the radio-frequency therapy a successful treatment can be done to another widespread illness –chronic hypertrophic rhinitis.

It is characterized with hypertrophy of the mucous membrane of the nose, difficult nasal breathing which in the beginning is more expressed on the side which the patient lays down and afterwards it becomes permanent. The fastest possible recovery of the normal function of the nose is the classic therapy. The conservative therapy includes the use of a number of nasal drops and inhalations.

After their effect had finished an operation of the lower part of nasal conchae is necessary – very traumatic and uncomfortable because of the hospitalization.

Luckily there’s an alternative!

The radio-frequency thermotherapy is especially successful and effectively used recently for treatment of the chronic hypertrophic rhinitis. It is completed on an outpatient basis, without hospitalization, with local anaesthetics, without pain and bleeding, for a short period of time.

The procedure leads to fast and painless decrease of the hyperthrophic areas keeping the function of the ciliated epithelium of the mucous membrane and also immediate improvement in the nasal breathing.

 

Consultations are by appointment only and can be arranged at the reception desks or by telephone +359 2 439 3131.