Enlarged Prostate

Enlarged Prostate or BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) is a natural condition where the prostate gland slowly grows, causing pressure on the urethra, similar to a clamp on a garden hose.

Common Symptoms of enlarged prostate include:

  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Sudden need to urinate
  • Difficulty beginning urination
  • Pain or burning
  • Feeling that your bladder never completely empties
  • Dribbling or leaking
  • Weak urine stream

Loss of Personal Freedom

Many men report changes to lifestyle such as avoiding travel, interruption of leisure activities and using bathroom stalls instead of urinals. Frequent trips to the bathroom can disrupt sleep.

A Simple and Effective Solution

If these symptoms are familiar to you, or if you are changing your lifestyle to accommodate urinary problems, you should know that there is a simple solution. It is called GreenLight™ Laser Therapy. This therapy can free you from urinary problems without compromising lifestyle or health, giving you the green light to live life the way you want to, without compromise.

Understanding the Prostate

The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that forms part of the male reproductive system. The prostate secretes fluid that carries sperm. It surrounds the urethra, the canal which carries urine from the bladder out of the body.

With age and time, the prostate enlarges causing pressure on the urethra, similar to a clamp on a garden hose. This causes problems with urination.

Words to Know

  • Prostate — A walnut-sized gland that secretes prostatic fluid which carries sperm
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) — A non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate that restricts urine flow
  • Incontinence — Inability to control or hold back urine
  • Impotence — Failure to achieve or to maintain an erection
  • Retrograde Ejaculation — When semen travels up the urethra towards the bladder instead of outside of the body
  • Catheter — A thin, flexible tube inserted through the penis used to drain urine from the bladder
  • Cystoscope — An instrument that allows the doctor to examine the bladder and prostate


You may first notice symptoms of enlarged prostate (BPH) yourself, or your doctor may find that your prostate is enlarged during a routine checkup. When enlarged prostate (BPH) is suspected, you may be referred to a urologist, a doctor who specializes in problems of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system. Several tests help the doctor identify the problem and decide the best course of treatment. The tests vary from patient to patient, but the following are the most common.

Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)

This exam is usually the first test done. The doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum and feels the part of the prostate next to the rectum. This exam gives the doctor a general idea of the size and condition of the gland.

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood Test

In order to rule out cancer as a cause of urinary symptoms, your doctor may recommend a PSA blood test. PSA, a protein produced by prostate cells, is frequently present at elevated levels in the blood of men who have prostate cancer.

Rectal Ultrasound

If there is a suspicion of prostate cancer, your doctor may recommend a test with rectal ultrasound. In this procedure, a probe inserted in the rectum directs sound waves at the prostate. The echo patterns of the sound waves form an image of the prostate gland on a display screen.

Urine Flow Study

Sometimes the doctor will ask a patient to urinate into a special device which measures how quickly the urine is flowing. A reduced flow often suggests BPH.

Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)

IVP is an x-ray of the urinary tract. In this test, a dye is injected into a vein, and the x-ray is taken. The dye makes the urine visible on the x-ray and shows any obstruction or blockage in the urinary tract.


In this exam, the doctor inserts a small tube through the opening of the urethra in the penis. This test allows the doctor to determine the size of the gland and identify the location and degree of the obstruction.

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